Food Product

Properties of corn and its effect on health

Properties of corn

Corn or cob is one of the types of cereals. The origin of corn is America and after wheat, it has occupied the most agricultural land in the world. Corn is full of nutrients needed by the body and is a good source of fiber and is rich in it. The nature of corn in traditional medicine is cold and dry, and people who have a cold or gloomy temperament should avoid consuming it a lot. The use of corn with its modifiers is suggested. These modifiers include olive oil, honey and grape juice. Corn has countless properties


Many forms of corn are used as food, sometimes different categories are made according to the amount of starch:

  • Flour corn (Zea mays var. amyalcea)
  • Popcorn corn (Zea mays var. everta)
  • Horse tooth corn (Zea mays var. indentata)
  • Crystal corn (Zea mays var. indurata)
  • Sweet corn (Zea mays var. saccharata)
  • Waxy corn (Zea mays var. ceratina)
  • Corn with pods (Zea mays ver. tunicate)
  • Striped corn (Zea mays var. japonica)


It is one of the widely used and useful edible seeds that have many properties for the health of the body.

  • Prevention of Alzheimer’s
  • Strengthening bones
  • pregnancy period
  • Eye health
  • Kidney health
  • Slimming and weight loss
  • Treatment of anemia
  • Useful for children
  • Strengthening the immune system
  • Reduce the risk of cancer
  • Cardiovascular health
  • Regulation and reduction of blood pressure
  • Lower cholesterol levels

Properties of popcorn in pregnancy

This popular snack contains several vitamins and minerals, including:

  1. Manganese. An essential trace element, manganese is found in abundance in whole grains, legumes, fruits and vegetables. This vegetable is less absorbed than corn due to the presence of phytic acid.
  2. Phosphorus. Phosphorus, which is found in appropriate amounts in roasted corn and sweet corn, is a mineral that plays an important role in the growth and maintenance of body tissues.
  3. magnesium. Poor levels of this important mineral may increase the risk of many chronic diseases, such as heart disease.
  4. Zinc. This trace element has many essential functions in your body. The presence of phytic acid in corn may weaken its absorption.
  5. copper. Copper is a rare antioxidant element. It does not exist in the Western diet. Inadequate intake may have adverse effects on heart health.

Properties of sweet corn

Sweet corn has vitamins, including:

  • Pantothenic acid. Vitamin B5 is found in almost all foods to some extent.
  • Folate. Also known as vitamin B9 or folic acid, folate is an essential nutrient, especially during pregnancy.
  • Vitamin B6. A related class of vitamins, the most common of which is pyridoxine, performs a variety of functions in your body, providing the skin and nerve properties of corn.
  • Niacin. Niacin in corn, also called vitamin B3, is not well absorbed. Cooking corn with lime can make this nutrient more available for absorption. One of the properties of corn cooked with lemon is greater absorption of niacin in the body.
  • potassium. An essential nutrient, potassium is important for controlling blood pressure and may improve heart health.

Complications of high consumption

The properties of corn are many, but its consumption may cause complications in the body. As:

Properties of corn
  • Increased blood sugar
  • poisoning
  • Sensitization
  • Bloating and gas
  • Plague risk creation
  • Cause tooth decay

Who should not eat corn?

  • Diabetic people
  • People with digestive disorders
  • It causes flatulence and flatulence
  • It causes indigestion and upset stomach
  • Raw corn causes intestinal inflammation and diarrhea
  • It causes osteoporosis
  • Consuming corn leads to lethargy

corn syrup

It is a type of food syrup that is prepared from corn starch and depending on the grade, it has different amounts of maltose and higher oligosaccharides. Corn syrup is added to foods to soften the texture, bulk, prevent sugar crystallization and increase flavor.

Researchers believe that increasing the consumption of this substance causes the spread of type 2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome and fatty liver disease in humans.

Nutritional value table

Nutritional value of sweet corn (raw corn)
100 grams of sweet corn or raw cornthe amount of
carbohydrate19 grams
fiber2.7 grams
Protein3.2 grams
fat1.2 grams
sugar Loaf3.2 grams
potassium270 mg
sodium15 mg
Nutritional value table of dried corn
100 grams of dry cornthe amount of
calories386 calories
carbohydrate74.93 grams
fiber0.00 grams
Protein9.88 grams
fat5.22 grams
sugar Loaf5.38 grams
potassium511.00 mg
sodium13.00 mg
Nutritional value of cooked corn
100 grams of cooked yellow cornthe amount of
carbohydrate21 grams
fiber2.4 grams
Protein3.4 grams
fat1.5 grams
sugar Loaf4.5 grams
Nutritional value of roasted corn (popcorn)
100 grams of roasted corn or popcornthe amount of
carbohydrate74 grams
fiber13 grams
Protein11 grams
fat4.3 grams
sugar Loaf0.9 grams
potassium274 mg
sodium7 mg

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